National Mining University — Compliance with the Time

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The goal of the Research and Educational Center (REC)

is to amalgamate research and educational groups have been formed on the basis of University Earth science schools into the scientific and educational center of international level. The REC activity is directed to integration of training highly qualified specialists and solution of fundamental and applied problems such as mineral and energy resources usage to be solved by humanity in the XXI century.

The REC is created for solving the following tasks:

  • to concentrate NMU scientific efforts to make advance in fundamental research concerning geological structures, geotechnologies, resources and energy potentials of bowels of the earth as well as environment rehabilitation and remediation in mining areas, to use and develop the University facilities;

  • to carry out high-level research up to the world standards by the skilled scientific staff of the REC using its modern up-to-date facilities and close cooperation with the institutions of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU) as well as other organizations and enterprises, foreign universities and scientific centers;

  • to enhance introducing the research results into teaching/learning process by involving highly qualified specialists, forming advanced groups, creating individual educational programs, developing the system of additional and postgraduate education;

  • to train students within the REC research plan, to prepare highly qualified educated personnel, to re-train specialists using interdisciplinary scientific achievements;

  • to implement the competition system for young scientists support to motivate them to participate conferences and work in research centers, to broaden information capabilities, to stimulate young researchers;

  • to develop external links with higher educational institutions and scientific centers, branch institutes and industrial enterprises in Ukraine, Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), developed countries, which will lead to long-term agreements;

  • to originate objects of intellectual property and provide their commercialization and innovative implementation.

Statement of Project Goals

World experience of mining shows that man-caused changes in the environment and landscape exceed several times the natural geological transformations. At the same time the man intervention in the geological environment does not take into proper account complex physical and chemical processes in the bowels, such as solid phase, fluid, and gas movement.

At the end of the XX century about 4 thousands mineral deposits were exploited in Ukraine. Annually roughly 2.2 billion tons of mine rock have been extracted, and only

30-40% of this volume were used. Hundreds of millions cubic meters of water are pumped out to the surface, disbalancing significantly the salt and water exchange in the Earth depths.

Every ton of the extracted coal is accompanied with methane emission to the surface at the rate ranging from several to twenty cubic meters. Methane is thrown out in the atmosphere by Ukrainian mines, threatens miners and accumulates in construction basements at dangerous concentrations.

Heat generation in deep mines leads to unacceptable temperature conditions to work, nevertheless thermal energy is not accumulated and utilized. Billions of cubic meters of the mined out underground space up to the depth of 1300 m are out of use, although the significant part of this volume is suitable, for example, to dispose waste.

Ukraine has mineral deposits unique by their structural variety and quantitative reserves that contain more than thousand components of industrial significance. The innovative geo-technologies of the ХХІ century can be implemented here.
The present-day Ukrainian mining complex can be considered as the world site for study and piloting the advanced geo-technologies focusing on cyclic systems of mining and raw material use, cogeneration of the energy components.

That is why the project scientific and educational goal consists in creation of the balanced GTS functioning fundamentals, modern scientific and management strategy in minerals and energy resources use simultaneously keeping sustainability of these systems.

The formulated goal will be achieved by accomplishing scientific and educational tasks of the REC that will unite scientific schools and departments existing in the NMU and corresponding to the project activity directions.

  • The REC will meet international level requirements owing to solving the following tasks:

  • creation of the up-to-date Geotechnical Systems Stability Research Center supplied with the equipment for experimental measurements of physical parameters ranging from micro-level of mineral substances to global tectonic structures; the GSSRC will consist of the laboratories: 1) geophysics, mathematical modeling and GIS-technologies, 2) physics and chemistry of GTS, 3) GTS geo-mechanics;

  • development of the fundamental theory for GTS functioning that combine geological and man-caused components indivisible when using raw minerals and power resources, which need balancing of the physical parameters to provide GTS sustainability;

  • unification of advanced investigations of the GTS condition and balance parameters, transition to the new level in solving geotechnical and economical problems by means of students, postgraduates, and young investigators involvement in research work on competitive basis;

  • substantiation of the modern concept for existing Ukrainian GTS adaptation to the world trends of sustainable development, creation of the management model for innovation maitnance;

  • design of new educational programs and courses on the qualitatively new level of GTS potential utilization understanding, integration of the research and educational project with future commercial use of innovative solutions.

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